Using Nexus 3 as Your Repository – Part 1: Maven Artifacts

rafael

This article is the first in a three part series by one of our community advocates, Rafael Eyng. You can follow his work at CodeHeaven.io

Installation

Install it with docker:

docker run -d -p 8081:8081 -p 8082:8082 -p 8083:8083 --name my-nexus sonatype/nexus3:3.0.0

We are mapping all of those ports (8081-8083) because of the next posts in the series. For this post, we’ll actually only need port 8081.

Nexus 3 will go up on port 8081. Default credentials are admin/admin123.

You might want to create a volume to map the Nexus data folder to your host, adding the option -v /opt/my-nexus-data:/nexus-data.

Configuring Nexus as a Maven repo

What we will do:
– create a private (hosted) repository for our snapshots
– create a private (hosted) repository for our releases
– create a proxy repository pointing to Maven Central
– create a group repository to provide all of these repos under a single URL

I suggest you to create a new blob store for each new repo you want to create. That way, the data for every repo will be in a different folder in /nexus-data (inside the Docker container). But this is not mandatory for it to work.

snapshots repo

A repository for Maven artifacts that you deploy with -SNAPSHOT in the end of the version tag of your pom.xml:

<version>1.0.0-SNAPSHOT</version>

Create a new maven (hosted) repository and configure it like:

using nexus as your repository 1

releases repo

A repository for Maven artifact that you deploy without -SNAPSHOT in the end of the version tag of your pom.xml:

<version>1.0.0</version>

Create a new maven (hosted) repository and configure it like:

using nexus as your repository 2

proxy to Maven Central repo

A repository that proxies everything you download from Maven Central. Next time you download the same dependency, it will be cached in your Nexus.

Create a new maven (proxy) repository and configure it like:

using nexus as your repository 3

using nexus as your repository

group repo

This will group all the above repos and provide you a single URL to configure your clients to download from/deploy to.

Create a new maven (group) repository and configure it like:

using nexus as your repository 4

You can create as many repos as you need (like proxies to other public repos) and group them all in the group repo.

Configuring your clients and projects to use your Nexus repos

Put this in your ~/.m2/settings.xml file. This will configure the credentials to publish to your hosted repos, and will tell your mvn to use your repo as a mirror of central:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<settings xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/SETTINGS/1.1.0"
  xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/SETTINGS/1.1.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/settings-1.1.0.xsd">

  <servers>
    <server>
      <id>nexus-snapshots</id>
      <username>admin</username>
      <password>admin123</password>
    </server>
    <server>
      <id>nexus-releases</id>
      <username>admin</username>
      <password>admin123</password>
    </server>
  </servers>

  <mirrors>
    <mirror>
      <id>central</id>
      <name>central</name>
      <url>http://your-host:8081/repository/maven-group/</url>
      <mirrorOf>*</mirrorOf>
    </mirror>
  </mirrors>

</settings>

And now configure your projects.

If you want only to download dependencies from Nexus, put this in the pom.xml:

<project ...>

  ...

  <repositories>
    <repository>
      <id>maven-group</id>
      <url>http://your-host:8081/repository/maven-group/</url>
    </repository>
  </repositories>
</project>

And if you want also to publish your project, add:

<project ...>

  ...

  <distributionManagement>
    <snapshotRepository>
      <id>nexus-snapshots</id>
      <url>http://your-host:8081/repository/maven-snapshots/</url>
    </snapshotRepository>
    <repository>
      <id>nexus-releases</id>
      <url>http://your-host:8081/repository/maven-releases/</url>
    </repository>
  </distributionManagement>
</project>

Now if you run in your projects:

mvn install
# or
mvn deploy

your mvn will point to your Nexus instance.

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One Comment;

  1. sri said:

    Hi, I too have installed nexus 3 with docker. I was wondering if there is an article on how to configure it to serve traffic over https. I have seen some articles where they did it but they haven’t installed the registry using docker. Any help would be appreciated. Thanks!!

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